By signing the Bologna Declaration in 1999, the ministers of
29 European countries committed to a unique process of higher education reform,
at European, national and institutional level. Based on voluntary
inter-governmental cooperation and involving representatives of the main
stakeholders (institutions, students, teachers, employers, etc.) since 2001,
the initial goal of the Bologna Process was to contribute to enhancing the competitiveness
and attractiveness of higher education in Europe. Therefore, the ministers
formally established the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) in 2010. This
area is to be understood as an area open to students, graduates and academic
staff, offering them mobility without obstacle and fair and democratic access
to high quality higher education.
Members of the Bologna
Process are the 47 countries, together with the European Commission, and the consultative members, namely the Council of Europe, UNESCO, EUA, ESU, EURASHE,
ENQA, Education International and BUSINESSEUROPE.
Although the Bologna Process and its structural reforms have
greatly facilitated the recognition of qualifications within the EHEA, the
Bologna Process still does not imply automatic recognition of qualifications
between EHEA countries.
Bologna Process – EHEA website
Bologna Process – Members
Bologna Process – Recognition