A credit system is a systematic way of describing an
educational programme by attaching credits to each of its components, based on learning outcomes. There are
different credit systems used internationally; within Europe the most commonly
used is the ECTS system.
The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is a
for credit transfer and accumulation
that was initially developed to facilitate student mobility in the Erasmus
programme. The ECTS convention is that 60 credits measures the workload of a
full-time student during one academic year. The student workload of a full-time
study programme in Europe amounts in most cases to 36/40 weeks per year and in
those cases one credit is assigned to 25 to 30 working hours (1 ECTS = 25/30
working hours). Workload refers to the notional time an average learner might
expect to complete the required learning outcomes.
study programmes easier to read and compare for all students, local and
foreign; as such, it facilitates mobility and academic recognition.
ECTS – European Commission website
ECTS Users’ Guide - It provides guidelines for implementation of ECTS and
it presents the ECTS key documents
Study on the use of credit systems in higher education cooperation between the EU and the US