The basic structure of the Turkish National Education
System consists of stages of noncompulsory pre-school education; compulsory
primary (elementary and middle school) and secondary (high school) education;
and higher education.
Primary education begins at the age of 5.5 (66 months),
lasts eight years and comprises elementary and middle school education, four
Secondary education is also four years and divided into
two categories as "General High School Education" and
"Vocational and Technical High School Education". The entry into
these categories is through composite scores obtained from a centralized exam
for secondary schools.
education system in Turkey is managed by the Council of Higher Education (CoHE,
Yükseköğretim Kurulu-YÖK) which is an autonomous public body responsible for
the planning, coordination, governance and supervision of higher education
within the provisions set forth in the Constitution of the Turkish Republic and
the Higher Education Law. Both state and non-profit foundation universities are
founded by law and subjected to the Higher Education Law and to the regulations
enacted in accordance with it.
education in Turkey comprises all post secondary higher education programmes,
consisting of short, first, second, and third cycle degrees in terms of the
terminology of the Bologna Process. The structure of Turkish higher education
degrees is based on a two-tier system, except for dentistry, pharmacy, medicine
and veterinary medicine programmes which have a one-tier system. The duration
of these one-tier programmes is five years (300 ECTS) except for medicine which
lasts six years (360 ECTS). The qualifications in these one-tier programmes are
equivalent to the first cycle (bachelor's) plus second cycle (master's) degree.
Undergraduate level of study consists of short cycle (associate's)-(önlisans
derecesi) and first cycle (bachelor's)-(lisans derecesi) degrees which are
awarded after successful completion of full-time two-year (120 ECTS) and
four-year (240 ECTS) study programmes, respectively.